Structural Engineering is the sub-discipline of civil engineering. It is basically done to decide the strength and dimensions of the concerned building. It is required to check that the construction can withstand the predicted load calculated without any problem.
The main aim of the structural engineer is to make sure the building is safe, functional, and smooth. They work in sync with various other engineers and architects to generate computerized designs of the building. Along with the building designing it can be various other things like bridges, tunnels, or even ships, etc.
The loads for which we are testing our designs are basically of two types
Internal loads –
Internal load is the load which the structure has to bear itself, whether moving or stable. As in the weight of the structure itself and all other moving or stable objects within it. Various combinations of such loads are considered and tested while designing depending on the chances of their occurrence.
External loads mainly represent testing of safety from natural calamities such as earthquakes, cyclones, hurricanes or storms and even volcanic eruptions. When a new model is designed structural engineer also does these tests on the model of whether the model is able to withstand them or not.
When the engineers do all these testing, they come to know whether the model they are making will be able to bear these or not. Then as per their calculation they work on the model and improvise it as per the needs of the client and its sustainability.
These days we require expert advice for everything we do especially because there is too much money and effort are involved. In this competitive world everyone wants their things to be best and unique. For that they need best people of their field to guide them properly and to cut out a perfect design which suits their demands.
Structural engineers not only design new models but they can also analyze and improve the existing models. If there is a slight crack or fall in the ceiling also in the building they will analyze everything and tell you whatever needs to be done to rectify that.
Professionals are needed for both: to minimize the future problems which may occur and to rectify the existing problems. But while hiring professionals check their range and reach and take a proper break down of the costs. So you would be knowing how much and what you are exactly paying for.
Structural Engineers can also help you in taking certain permissions regarding the land or the building. Because any work do on any property which alters it look from outside requires permission from the local council. The engineers can help you with that because they have contacts with proper people and they know the exact source which can help the work done in less time and less money too.
Professionals are hired because they have experience which can help you to get the best.